Environmental issues of curtain fabrics
Update:2022-02-19 13:50:08 Saturday
Summary:For the sake of environmental protection, the decoration style of many families is relatively simple now, and they are often used to embellishment with some fabric accessories. According to the person in charge of a large furniture plaza, fabric furn...
For the sake of environmental protection, the decoration style of many families is relatively simple now, and they are often used to embellishment with some fabric accessories. According to the person in charge of a large furniture plaza, fabric furniture has become the first choice for new houses, and the matching fabric accessories are also becoming popular, such as snow-white embroidered fabric beds, soft fabric sofas, floor-to-ceiling lace curtains, etc. According to experts, late decoration furniture and accessories, such as curtains, sofas, and fabric beds, may bring health risks.
Experts pointed out that many household fabrics are made of chemical synthetic fiber fabrics, and the raw materials are coal, oil, natural gas, etc. These materials have poor hygroscopicity, airtightness, and release some harmful gases, such as formaldehyde. Everyone may know that wood-based panels, composite floors or furniture used in home decoration can release formaldehyde gas, but few people know that curtains can also release formaldehyde, causing indoor environmental pollution.
Why is this? In the process of textile production, in order to improve the wrinkle resistance of fabrics, improve the waterproof performance, pressure resistance of textiles, improve color fastness, improve fire resistance, etc., some common auxiliaries such as artificial resins are usually added to the fabrics. In the process of textile printing and dyeing and post-finishing, various dyes, auxiliaries and finishing agents are also added, and the resin contained in it contains formaldehyde. These formaldehyde-containing resins remain after finishing. In general, textiles with trim and coatings have higher levels of formaldehyde. When textiles are exposed to the air for a long time, due to the volatility of formaldehyde, it will continuously release and pollute the indoor environment.
Using such fabrics as curtains can easily cause poor air circulation. If it is not cleaned every three years or five years, it will be more conducive to the breeding of mold and mites. Experts suggest that the material of curtains should be made of cotton, Linen cloth, if it is a beautiful non-chemical fiber cloth, should also pay attention to control the quantity and clean it frequently to prevent the breeding of bacteria.
The reasons why curtains can release formaldehyde have been analyzed above, so what problems should we pay attention to when purchasing curtains to effectively avoid the harm of formaldehyde?
⒈ When purchasing curtain fabrics, pay attention to whether there is any odor. If the product emits a pungent odor, it may have formaldehyde residues and it is best not to buy it.
⒉ When choosing colors, it is advisable to choose light tones, so that the risk of formaldehyde and dyeing fastness exceeding the standard will be smaller.
3. The purchased curtains should be fully soaked and washed in water first to reduce the formaldehyde content remaining on the fabric. After washing, it is best to dry the curtains in a ventilated place outdoors, and then use them again.
Curtains can be divided into many types. Let's introduce the scientific cleaning methods one by one according to their characteristics:
⒈ For some curtains made of ordinary fabrics, you can wipe them with a damp cloth, or wash them in water or in a washing machine according to conventional methods.
⒉When the curtains made of velvet are dirty, first soak the curtains in a medium alkaline cleaning solution, press lightly with your hands, wash them and place them on a slanted shelf to let the water dry automatically, which will make the curtains clean as new .
3. Soft venetian blinds are a kind of curtains that are used more in the family at present. When cleaning, first close the windows, spray an appropriate amount of water or polishing agent on them, and then dry them with a rag, so that the curtains can be kept longer. Time is clean and bright; the drawstring of the curtain can be gently wiped with a soft bristle brush. If the curtains are dirty, you can use a rag dipped in some warm water-dissolved detergent, or wipe with a little ammonia solution.
⒋The curtains made of canvas or hemp are not easy to dry after cleaning. Therefore, they should not be washed directly in water. It is advisable to use a sponge dipped in some warm water or a mixture of soap solution and ammonia solution to wipe them, and then roll them up after drying.
⒌When cleaning the roller curtain, first pull down the dirty roller curtain, lay it flat, and wipe it with a cloth. The center of the roller is usually empty. You can use a long stick with one end tied with fluff and go in and keep turning, it will Remove dust.
⒍ Curtains made of electrostatic flocking are not easy to get dirty and do not need to be cleaned frequently. But if cleaning, you must pay attention, do not soak it in water to rub or brush, just use cotton gauze dipped in alcohol or gasoline to wipe gently, if the flannel is too wet, do not twist it hard to avoid the neck hair falling off, Affect the appearance. The correct cleaning method should be to use your hands to remove moisture or let it dry naturally, so that the original appearance of the flock can be maintained.
⒎Austrian flower curtain is a kind of trendy curtain that is currently relatively fashionable. When cleaning, use a clothes vacuum cleaner to suck out the dust first, and then gently sweep it with a soft feather brush.
The size you measure in advance may not be accurate, first understand the washing method and shrinkage rate, and appropriately enlarge the size.
At present, the curtain fabrics on the market have certain problems in labeling, dyeing, and size changes after washing. Consumers should pay attention to purchasing.
Don't buy curtains with too low prices, because some cheap curtains are flammable in case of fire, and good quality curtains generally have fire resistance, so that the safety of the family can be guaranteed.